The Connecting Hamzah (Hamzah Alwasl) Part4 همزة الوصل الجزء الرابع
The meeting Hamzatul Qta(همزة القطع) with Hamzatul Wasl (همزة الوصل).
Case 1: Hamza-t al-wasl preceding hamza-t al-qat‘ which is sakinah .
This only occurs in a few verbs, can be found in the following ayaat :
-When we join the word preceding the word starting with hamzatul wasl, then the hamzah is dropped as we said before while hamzat alqat„ stayed fixed and is pronounced.
-When beginning any one of these verbs having a hamzat wasl as the first letter and a hamzat qat„ sakinah as the second letter, we begin with hamzat alwasl with the appropriate vowel, depending on the vowel of the third letter of the verb, After this, the hamzat alqat„ that immediately follows is changed in to a madd letter of the same category as the vowel we used on hamzat alwasl.If we start on hamzat alwasl with a dhammah then hamzat alqat„ becomes a lengthened waw (و)
آؤْتُمِنَ —->> آوتُمِنَ
More Examples: (آئْذن ) (آئْتوا )
This rule was previously discussed under the madd badl lesson, and it is as such: whenever two hamzahs meet, the first voweled, the second sakina, the second hamzah changes into a madd letter of the same type as the vowel on the first hamzah.
Case 2: The Questioning hamzat al-qata’ preceding hamzat alwasl:
Hamza-t alwasl is dropped in writing and pronunciation and hamza-t alqat„ of questioning remains.
-The words are pronounced exactly like they are written.
When a hamzat qat„ indicating a question enters a noun that has the definite article “alif laam at-ta’reef” (ال)attached at the beginning of it, hamzat alwasl undergoes changes, so that the
questioning hamzah can be distinguished from hamzat alwasl of the “alif laam atta’reef” .
Without a change in the hamzat alwasl, it would be impossible to determine whether there was a question before ال التعريف or not ,So hamzat alwasl is changed either one of the two following states.
Both of these ways of recitation are allowed.
1-A lengthened alif ,This is called ibdaal أبدال
2-An “eased” hamzah ,This is called (heel-Tas ) تسهيل
Examples on verbs :
2 Ways of recitation are allowed in case of nouns :
Its definition: When a hamzah indicating a question enters a noun that has the definite article ال التعريف
hamza-t alwasl of ال التعريف is changed into an lengthened alif which is lengthened six counts.
This lengthening is six vowel counts due to the sukoon on the lam after the long alif.The madd is laazim (compulsory madd) and is either “heavy” when followed by a shaddah, or “light” when there is a simple sukoon after the long alif.
Its definition : When a hamzah indicating a question enters a noun that has the
definite article ال التعريف hamza-t alwasl of ال التعريف is pronounced but “eased مسهله so that it is between a hamzah and an alif, with absolutely no madd.
Occurs in three words only in six places in the Quran.