The Connecting Hamzah (Hamzah Alwasl) Part2 همزة الوصل الجزء الثانى
You can find (hamzaut wasl) on:
The vowel of hamza-t alwasl when beginning with it in verbs:
It is depend on the vowel on the third letter of the verb.
Note that shaddah is counted two letters ( اتَّقُوا )here the third letter ت on it fat-ha.
– There are two possible vowels when starting with hamza-t Alwasl in verbs they are the dammah or the kasrah.
– Starting verbs with a dhammah on the hamza-t alwasl :
1-The hamza-t alwasl has a dhammah on it when beginning the word starting with it , if the third letter of the verb has an original dammah.
Examples of this in past tense verbs are shown in the following Ayaat: وَالرَّبَّانِيُّونَ وَالْأَحْبَارُ بِمَا اسْتُحْفِظُوا مِن كِتَابِ اللَّه – In Word اسْتُحْفِظُوا
The third letter ت has dammah therefore start this word with a dhammah on hamza-t alwasl. Remember, we only use hamza-t alwasl when starting the word.If we are reading in continue with the words before this verb, we would drop hamza-t alwasl.
Starting verbs with a kasrah on hamza-t alwasl.
2-We begin hamzah alwasl in a verb with a kasrah when in the following cases:
A) If the third letter of the verb has an original kasrah. This is exemplified in the following ayaat:
وَاصْبِرْ عَلَىٰ مَا يَقُولُونَ وَاهْجُرْهُمْ هَجْرًا جَمِيلًا Pronounced اِصْبِرْ
B) When the third letter of the verb has a fat-h .This is demonstrated in the following ayaat:
إِلَّا مَنِ ارْتَضَىٰ مِن رَّسُولٍ Pronounced اِرْتَضَىٰ
C) When the third letter of the verb has a conditional or incidental or presented dhammah It is to be noticed that in these next six words the dhammah is a presented one due to the plurality of the command form.
امشوا -> its singular command form is امشِ and in the present tense يَمشِى with kasrah on the third letter ش
اقضوا -> its singular command form is اقضِ and in present tense يَقضِى with kasrah on the third letter ض
When these verbs are the plural command form, there would have been a ya‟ sakinah
followed by a waw sakinah(madd letter) which is quite heavy for the tongue,So the Arabs drop the ya‟ sakinah in these forms of the verb,and the third letter acquires an dhammah) presented َضمة عارَضة
These are only five verbs in the Qur‟an that have a presented dhammah in the third letter, but it should be noted that some of these verbs occur in the Qur‟an in different forms of the same verb.
- With a Kasrah When the third letter of the verb:
1-has a kasrah.
2-has a fat-ha.
3-has a presented dammah.
- With a dhammah When the third letter of the verb has an original dammah.