WHAT IS The Tafseer ?
For an Tafseer in the Arabic language means disclosure and clarification, which is in the terminology does not depart from its linguistic meaning, as this term prevailed upon its launching the Tafseer of the Noble Qur’an, and Imam Al-Jurjani defined it as an explanation of the meaning of the verse, a statement of its affairs, a disclosure of its story, and a knowledge of the reason for its descent, and all of that is In the meanings denoting the intended clear indication.
Schools of Tafseer :
There are many approaches to Tafseer of the Holy Qur’an, and this science has settled in two directions in its taking, namely: Tafseer with the maxim(dictum), Tafseer with opinion, and each direction constituted a school that has its origins, arts, traits and followers, and that is overall in what follows:
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A-Tafseer of the dictum (By Quran or Sonna)
: It means the Tafseer of the Noble Qur’an based on what was stated in the verses of the Qur’an from a statement and detail of some of its verses, and what was also proven from the Prophet - may God bless him and grant him peace - and what is true to say about the noble companions and followers - may God have mercy on them - and his example in the Tafseer of the Qur’an in the Qur’an in Explain what is meant by those whom God has blessed in the words of God Almighty (صِرَاطَ الَّذِينَ أَنْعَمْتَ عَلَيْهِمْ غَيْرِ الْمَغْضُوبِ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلَا الضَّالِّينَ
)Where the people of Tafsir with the dictum held that the Lord Almighty revealed them by saying (وَمَن يُطِعِ اللَّـهَ وَالرَّسُولَ فَأُولَـٰئِكَ مَعَ الَّذِينَ أَنْعَمَ اللَّـهُ عَلَيْهِم مِّنَ النَّبِيِّينَ وَالصِّدِّيقِينَ وَالشُّهَدَاءِ وَالصَّالِحِينَ وَحَسُنَ أُولَـٰئِكَ رَفِيقًا)B-Interpretation of opinion:
It is intended to Tafsir the verses of the Holy Qur’an through ijtihad resulting from the Tafsir knowledge of the methods of Arab speech, his knowledge of the words, meanings and connotations of the Arabic language, as well as his knowledge of other Qur’an sciences, such as: the reasons for descending, transcribing and abrogating, and an example of this approach in the Tafsir of what came at Imam Al-Razi in his Tafsir of the words of God( مَن كانَ يُريدُ الحَياةَ الدُّنيا وَزينَتَها نُوَفِّ إِلَيهِم أَعمالَهُم فيها وَهُم فيها لا يُبخَسونَ )
Where he argued that the context of the verse assimilates that the believer and the infidel are included in it, given that they both desire to enjoy the pleasures of the world and benefit from its goodness, then he suggested that the closest intent indicates that what is meant by the Almighty saying: (Whoever wants the minimum life) is the infidel.