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Al waqf and Ibtida Part4

Al waqf and Ibtida Part4

Al waqf and Ibtida Part4    الوقف والأبتداء الجزء الرابع 

Read: Part1  Part2  part3

The Beginning (Al-Ibtidaa)  الابتداء

In the knowledge of scholars of recitation, is referring to recitation after cutting off recitation or stopping.
The beginning is only by choice, in contrast to the stop, which may be by choice or compulsion. For that reason it is demanded of the reader when beginning, that he start his recitation with an independent phrase that conveys the intended meaning, not attached to that which precedes it grammatically.

Its rule: It is allowed to begin with what comes after a complete or satisfactory stop under any circumstances, and allowed to start with that which comes after a good stop, only if it is the end of a verse ,This is only after Al-waqf (stop )not after al-Qat‟ )cutting off ( recitation).

The beginning can be divided into two types:

The allowed beginning  الابتداء الجائز

It is starting with an independent phrase that has clear meaning ,The meaning that Allah desires, and does not contradict it.

2- The beginning that is not allowed  الابتداء الغير جائز

It is the beginning that cancels out the intended meaning, or corrupts it, or changes it.

Many scholars divide Alibtidaa’ as alwaqf

The allowed beginning  الابتداء الجائز

1-Complete  تام 

 A-Any start of a surah

B- the start after a complete stop Examples:start with ayah no.6 in surat Al-Baqarah. انَّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا سَوَاءٌ  not attached to the previous ayah

2-Sufficient  كاف 

Example : start with ayah no. 7 in surat Al-Baqarah  خَتَمَ اللَّهُ عَلَىٰ قُلُوبِهِمْ وَعَلَىٰ سَمْعِهِمْ ۖ وَعَلَىٰ أَبْصَارِهِمْ غِشَاوَةٌ  Attached to the previous ayah in meaning.

3-Good  حسن 

Example: In surat As-Safaat aya 138 after stopping on the previous ayah  وَإِنَّكُمْ لَتَمُرُّونَ عَلَيْهِم مُّصْبِحِينَ 

And indeed, you pass by them in the morning.
– The two ayat attached grammatically and in meaning.

2- The beginning that is not allowed  الابتداء الغير جائز

1-Repulsive  قبيح 

repulsive beginning would be when starting with a word that leads to a meaning other than that Allah, The Exalted, wants, or a meaning that is in disagreement with our creed
Example: Start with  اتَّخَذَ اللَّهُ وَلَدًا سُبْحَانَهُ Allah has taken a son.” (Astaghfirullah)

Without saying first “They say” وَقَالُوا 


Comments

  • Dr. Ghulam Mustafa
    May 21, 2022

    Excellent, I am in search of Mushaf Quran with waqf symbols like م, ک, ح, کا
    م= تام
    ک= کافی
    ح= حسن
    لا=قبیح

    Please help
    جَزَاكُمُ اللّٰهُ خَيۧرًا كَثِيۡرًا

    • Amr Mahmoud
      May 21, 2022

      جزاك الله خيرا أستاذنا

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