Tafseer Surah Al Fatiha Benefits Tajweed rules

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Introduction to Surah Al Fatiha

Surah Al-Fatiha, also known as “The Opening” or “The Opener,” is the first chapter of the Quran and holds profound significance in Islam. It is recited in every unit of the Muslim prayer (Salah) and serves as the essence of the Quran’s message.

1-Al-Fatihah (The Opening).
2-Arrange of Surah : (001).
3-Number of Ayats: (7).
4-where revealed: Makkiyah.

Why Was Surah Al Fatiha Revealed (Asbab al-n-Nuzul)?

One among the first Surahs of the Quran to be revealed.
Allah bless him and give him peace, whenever he went out, used to hear someone calling him ‘O
Muhammad!’ And whenever he heard this, he used to flee.

Waraqah ibn Nawfal advised the Prophet to remain in his place when the caller calls him so that he hears what he has to tell him. And so when he went out, he heard the calling: ‘O Muhammad!’ He said: ‘Here I am! At your service!’ The caller said: ‘Say: I bear witness that there is no god but Allah and I bear witness that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah’.

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Then he said: ‘Say (Praise be to Allah, Lord of the Worlds, the Beneficent, the Merciful. Owner of the Day of Judgement…)’ and he read until the end of the Opening of the Book”. Reward for Reading Surat-fatiha

Surah Al Fatiha English Translation and Transliteration With Arabic

In the name of Allah, the Gracious, the Merciful        (بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ( ١

   Praise be to Allah, Lord of the Worlds.                              (الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ ( ٢ 

  The Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.                     (3) الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Master of the Day of Judgment.                                     (4) مَالِكِ يَوْمِ الدِّينِ

It is You we worship, and upon You we call for help.        (5) إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وَإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ

Guide us to the straight path.                                                  (اهْدِنَا الصِّرَاطَ  الْمُسْتَقِيمَ ﴿ 6

 صِرَاطَ الَّذِينَ أَنْعَمْتَ عَلَيْهِمْ غَيْرِ الْمَغْضُوبِ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلَا الضَّالِّينَ  (7)

The path of those You have blessed, not of those against whom there is anger, nor of those who are misguided.

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Tafseer of Surah Al Fatiha Meaning in English (Verse by Verse)

(بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ( ١

In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful:

  (الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ ( ٢ 

Praise be to God, is a predicate of a nominal clause, the content of which is intended to extol God [bynstating that]: He possesses the praise of all creatures, or that He [alone] deserves their praise.

God is a proper noun for the One truly worthy of worship; Lord of all Worlds, that is, [He is] the One Who owns all of creation: humans, jinn, angels, animals and others as well, each of which may be referred to as a ‘world’; one says ‘the world of men’, or ‘world of the jinn’ etc.

(3) الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

The Compassionate, the Merciful: that is to say, the One who possesses ‘mercy’, which means to want what is good for those who deserve it.

 (4) مَالِكِ يَوْمِ الدِّينِ

Master of the Day of Judgement: that is, [the day of] requite, the Day of Resurrection. The reason for the specific mention [of the Day of Judgement] is that the mastery of none shall appear on that Day except that of God, may He be exalted,

as is indicated by [God’s words] ‘Whose is the Kingdom today?’ God’s’ (if one reads it Malik [as opposed to Malik], then this signifies that He has possession of the entire affair on the Day of Resurrection,

 (5) إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وَإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ

You [alone] we worship, and You [alone] we ask for help: that is to say, we reserve worship for You
[alone] by way of acknowledging Your Oneness (Tawhid) and so on, and we ask for [Your] assistance in worship and in other things.

(اهْدِنَا الصِّرَاطَ  الْمُسْتَقِيمَ ﴿ 6

Guide us to the straight path: that is, ‘show us the way to it’. This is substituted by:

 صِرَاطَ الَّذِينَ أَنْعَمْتَ عَلَيْهِمْ غَيْرِ الْمَغْضُوبِ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلَا الضَّالِّينَ  (7)

Tthe path of those whom You have favored, with guidance (from Alladhina together with its relative clause is substituted by [ghayri l-maghdūbi ‘alayhim]) not [the path] of those against whom there is wrath, namely, the Jews, and nor of those who are astray, namely, the Christians.

The subtle meaning implied by this substitution is that the guided ones are neither the Jews nor the Christians.

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What Is The General Meaning of Surah Al Fatiha ?

  1. Praise and Recognition of Allah’s Majesty: The Surah begins with praise and glorification of Allah, acknowledging His attributes as the Lord of all worlds.
  2. It highlights Allah’s sovereignty, mercy, and wisdom, affirming His supreme authority over all creation.
  3. Seeking Guidance and Mercy: The Surah includes a supplication for guidance (hidayah) and righteousness (Sirat al-mustaqim), expressing the believer’s earnest desire to walk the straight path and attain Allah’s pleasure.
  4. It seeks Allah’s mercy and forgiveness for past shortcomings and mistakes.
  5. Acknowledgment of Human Dependence on Allah: Surah Al-Fatiha acknowledges human dependence on Allah for sustenance, guidance, and protection.
  6. It emphasizes the concept of Tawheed (the Oneness of Allah) by affirming that all worship and praise belong solely to Him.

Benefits of Surah Al Fatiha

  • Blessings and Barakah: Surah Al-Fatiha is believed to bring blessings and divine favor into the lives of those who recite it regularly.
  • It opens the doors of mercy and abundance, leading to spiritual growth, prosperity, and success in both worldly and spiritual endeavors.
  • Its recitation with faith and devotion attracts Allah’s blessings and increases one’s provisions and blessings.
  • Intercession on the Day of Judgment: Some scholars believe that Surah Al-Fatiha will intercede for the believer on the Day of Judgment, testifying to their faith and devotion to Allah.
  • Reciting this surah regularly enlightens believers about their purpose in life and strengthens their connection with Allah.

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