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Tafseer Surah Al Masad Benefits Tajweed rules

Tafseer Surah Al Masad Benefits Tajweed rules

Introduction to Surah Al Masad

Surah Al-Masad, also known as Surah Al-Lahab, It contains a stern warning against Abu Lahab, an uncle of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), and his wife, Umm Jamil, who were among the staunchest enemies of Islam during the early days of prophethood.

1- Al- Masad THORNS  ).
2-Arrange of Surah : (111).
3-Number of Ayats: (5).
4-Where revealed: Makkiyah.

Why Was Surah Al Masad Revealed (Asbab al-n-Nuzul)?

Ibn ‘Abbas who said: “One day, the Messenger of Allah, Allah bless him and give him peace, climbed al-Safa [hill] and shouted: ‘Come to me!’ And so all the Quraysh gathered around him.

They said: ‘What ails you?’ He said: ‘If I were to tell you that the enemy is going to attack you in the
morning or in the evening, would you not have believed me?’ They said: ‘Indeed, we would believe you’.

He said: ‘In that case, I am a warner sent to you against a tremendous chastisement’.

Abu Lahab said in response: ‘May you perish, is this why you have summoned all of us here?’ And so Allah, glorified and majestic is He, revealed (The power of Abu Lahab will perish, and he will perish…) up to the end of the Surah”.Learn Surah Al Masad with Tajweed Rules

Surah Al Masad English Translation and Transliteration With Arabic

Condemned are the hands of Abee Lahab,and he is condemned. (تَبَّتْ يَدَا أَبِي لَهَبٍ وَتَبَّ (١

   His wealth did not avail him, nor did what he acquired.      (مَا أَغْنَى عَنْهُ مَالُهُ وَمَا كَسَبَ (٢

  He will burn in a Flaming Fire.                                          (3) سَيَصْلَى نَارًا ذَاتَ لَهَبٍ

And his wife—the firewood carrier.                                 (4)وَامْرَأَتُهُ حَمَّالَةَ الْحَطَبِ

Around her neck is a rope of thorns.                             (5) فِي جِيدِهَا حَبْلٌ مِنْ مَسَدٍ

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Tafseer of Surah Al Masad Meaning in English (Verse by Verse)

(تَبَّتْ يَدَا أَبِي لَهَبٍ وَتَبَّ (١

Perish, ruined be, the hands of Abū Lahab, in other words, all of him – the use of ‘hands’ here to denote [all of] him is figurative, and is because most actions are performed by them; the statement is an invocation – and perish he!,

May he be ruined! (this [tabba] is a predicate, as where one says, ahlakahu’Llāhu wa-qad halak, ‘God destroyed him and he indeed is destroyed’.

(مَا أَغْنَى عَنْهُ مَالُهُ وَمَا كَسَبَ (٢

His wealth will not avail him, nor what he has earned (wa-kasab means wa-kasbihi, that is to say, his sons .

(3) سَيَصْلَى نَارًا ذَاتَ لَهَبٍ

He will [soon] enter a Fire of flames, that is to say, [a fire that is] flaming and ignited (this [statement] is the source of his nickname, [which was given to him] on account of his flaming reddish fair face).

 (4)وَامْرَأَتُهُ حَمَّالَةَ الْحَطَبِ

and his wife (wa’mra’atuhu is a supplement to the person [of the verb] yaslā, ‘he will enter’, separated by the clause of the direct object and its qualification) — and this was Umm Jamīl — the carrier (read hammālatu or hammālata) of firewood, cactus and thorns which she used to fling into the path of the Prophet (s).

(5) فِي جِيدِهَا حَبْلٌ مِنْ مَسَدٍ

with a rope of palm-fibre around her neck (fī jīdihā hablun min masadin is a circumstantial qualifier referring to hammālata’l-hatab, which in turn is [either] a description of imra’atahu, ‘his wife’.

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What Is The General Meaning of Surah Al Masad ?

The surah begins by condemning Abu Lahab, the uncle of the Prophet Muhammad, and his wife Umm Jamil. It describes them as facing a miserable end, indicating their rejection of Islam and their vehement opposition to the Prophet’s message.

Warning Against Disbelief and Arrogance: Surah Al-Masad serves as a warning against the consequences of disbelief (kufr) and arrogance (kibr).

It highlights the fate of those who reject the truth and persist in their hostility towards Allah’s guidance and His messenger. Abu Lahab and his wife serve as examples of individuals who allowed their arrogance and disbelief to lead them astray.

Illustration of Divine Justice: The surah illustrates the principle of divine justice by portraying the fate of Abu Lahab and his wife as a consequence of their actions.

It underscores the concept that Allah’s judgment is swift and just, and that individuals will be held accountable for their deeds in the Hereafter.

Benefits of Surah Al Masad

  • Surah Al-Masad serves as a reminder of divine justice, highlighting the consequences of opposing the truth and engaging in hostility towards the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) and his mission.
  • It underscores the principle that Allah does not overlook wrongdoing and that ultimately, everyone will be held accountable for their actions.
  • Reciting Surah Al-Masad reminds believers to avoid arrogance, hostility, and enmity towards the message of Islam and its messenger.
  • Encouragement to Uphold Truth: Surah Al-Masad encourages believers to uphold the truth and stand firm in the face of opposition and adversity.
  • It serves as a source of inspiration for those facing persecution or opposition due to their faith, reminding them of the ultimate victory of truth over falsehood.

Learn Surah Al Masad with Tajweed Rules

يَدَا : The  Alif here  ( Alif Madd ) length  it Four or five Vowel counts (Haraqahs), Is Called Madd Munfasel .

أَبِي  : Yaha is Madd Tapyyia (Natural Madd) ( 2 ) Haraks.

لَهَبٍ وَتَبَّ : Tanween (Two Kasrs ) is followed by ( و ) Idgham with Ghunnah – Insert Tanween into Waw with Gunnah.

Idgham with Ghunnah occurs in Four letters ( و – ى – ن – م) if Noon Sakinah or Tanween is folloed by any one of them The rule be Idgham with Ghunnah.

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وَتَبَّ : Qalqalah in (ب) , There are five Qalqalah Letters ( ق – ط- ب- -ج – د ) .

مَا أَغْنَى : Madd Munfasel 4 o 5 Harahs.

عَنْهُ : Ithaar Halqe because Tanween is followed by Haa – It means to pronoun Tanween Clearly in Tajweed six Ithaar Halqe Letters ( ء – ه -ع – ح -غ – خ ).

مَالُهُ  : Small Madd Selah 2 Haraks like ( هو ) .

كَسَبَ  : Qalqalah in (ب).

نَارًا ذَاتَ : It is IKhfaa Haqeqe For  Noon Sakinah ( ن )  or Tanween , There are 15 letters for Ikhfaa and  ذ  one of these letters, In Ikhfaa Noon Sakinah or Tanween not pronounced MAkhraj , only Gunnah is promounced.

حَمَّالَةَ : Read ( م ) with Shaddah Two Haraks.

حَبْلٌ  : Qalqalah in (ب).

حَبْلٌ مِنْ مَسَدٍ : Idgham with Ghunnah because Tanween and Noon Sakinah are followed by ( م


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