Learn Arabic Course – THE NUMBER OF NOUNS


THE NUMBER OF NOUNS  عدد ألاسماء

Unlike English, Arabic has three numbers: singular is termed wahid  (واحد) or Mufrad (مفرد) the dual or two of anything is termed tathniyah (تثنية) and more than two is plural called Jam (جمع).

1-Wahid  (واحد) or Mufrad (مفرد)

Examples: (الكتب) (القلم) (الساعة) (رجل) (يد) (بيت) (المسلم) (الكافر).

2-Tathniyah (تثنية)

The dual form ends in aani:(ان) Like (القلمان) (الكتابان) (رجلان) (طالبان) (أمراتان) (المسلمان) (الكافران).

3- The Plurals of Nouns and Adjectives:

In English, adjectives have no plural form. We say “good man” and “good men”. But in Arabic even adjectives have dual and plural form.

In English there are two types of plural :

  1. Sound Plural: In sound plural the word retains its original form, e.g. book – books, pen – pens.
  2. Broken Plural: The original form of the word is changed to a great extent, e.g. Man – men, woman – women.

In Arabic too, we have these two kinds of plural forms; Sound and Broken.

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Sound Plural in Arabic ( الجمع السالم )

The masculine plural of nouns are formed by adding (ون) to the singular form (مسلم – مسلمون) (مومن – مومنون) ( سارق – سارقون) (جاهل – جاهلون)

The feminine plural of nouns which end in (ة) are formed by changing (ة) to (ات),  As (مسلمة – مسلمات) (كافرة – كافرات) (ساعة – ساعات) (مدرسة – مدراسات) (كلمة – كلمات) 

The plural of nouns which do not end in (ة) are also formed by adding (ات) to singular  as (مريم – مريمات) (سماء – سموات).

The Broken Plural (جمع التكسير )

Unlike English, the broken plural is very widely used in Arabic. It is formed from the singular by the addition or elision of consonants, As ( رجل – رجال) (رسول – رسل)

There are many patterns of the broken plural. The following are commonly used patterns:


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