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THE MUDOOD (LENGTHENINGS) PART 5

THE MUDOOD (LENGTHENINGS) PART 5

Tajweed Course for beginner Part-19

THE MUDOOD (LENGTHENINGS) PART 5       احكام المدود الجزء الخامس

Read Part-1  Part2  Part3 Part4

lengthening caused by a Sukoon :

2-The Lengthening with a Presented Sukoon :        المــد العارض للسكون  

This occurs when there is a sukoon placed on a letter by the reader due to stopping in the recitation (whether in the middle or end of an ayah).

Requirement :

  • Requirement : Natural madd letter
  • Followed by a sukoon (as the reader has chosen to stop on it)

Note :

1-Although this will not be actually visible in the Qur’an, but is implied as the reader has chosen to stop on it.

2-This Madd only exists if the reader stops on that word. If the reader does not stop on it, it should be considered as a Madd Tabee’ee (2 beats).

Effect :

  • Elongate 2, 4 or 6 counts
  • Preferred 4 or 6

Examples:

The Lengthening with a Presented Sukoon

 3The Soft Lengthening        المــد اللين 

Leen means “easy”.
The Leen letters:- A Waaoo ( و  (or Yaa’   (  ى   (Saakin preceded by a letter with a Fathah.
When should we do this Madd?
If one of the Leen letters is followed by a letter at the end of a word, which has been Saakin due to stop (8), the reader should prolong the Leen letter. The reader can choose to prolong it 2,4 or 6 beats .

Note:

Although this will not be actually visible in the Qur’an, but is implied as the reader has chosen to stop on it.

Requirement :

  • Madd letter
  • Followed by a sukoon (and the reader has chosen to stop on it).

Effect :

  • Elongate 2, 4 or 6 counts
  • Preferred is 4

Examples:

The Soft Lengthening

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Madd Sila   مد صلة

This occurs when the possessive pronoun (shown as when attached to the previous letter), which denotes the 3rd person singular masculine, falls between 2 letters that carry a vowel.

Two types: Major كبرى and Minor صغرى 

1-Major كبرى

Requirement :

  • The possessive pronoun
  • Followed by hamzah ( ء ) mutaharrik

Effect :

  • Elongate 2, 4 or 5 counts
  • Preferred 4 or 5

Further Notes :

  • Preferred elongation is 4 or 5 to illustrate that it is not the natural madd of just 2 counts .
  • Those who have no or little knowledge of the Arabic language may not understand the usage of the possessive pronoun which basically refers to the third person singular masculine. A tiny / will be present to indicate this rule .

Examples:

Madd Sila Major

2-Minor صغرى 

Requirement :

  • The possessive pronoun .
  • Followed by any letter other than hamzah ( ء ).

Effect :

Elongate 2 counts only .

Examples:

MADD SILA minor

EXCEPTIONS TO THE RULE OF MADD SILA:

There are 4 instances in the Qur’an where the rules of MADD SILA will not apply.

1. Surah Al Furqan (25:69) Hafs lengthens it even though the letter preceding the ‘ha’ is saakin, and not mutaharrik.

{وَيَخْلُدْ فِيهِ مُهَان}

2. Surah Zumar (39:7) The ‘ha’ is not elongated, even though it is between 2 letters that are mutaharrik .

وَإِنْ تَشْكُرُوا يَرْضَهُ لَكُمْ ) 

3-Surah Naml (27:28) Hafs reads it with a sukoon ( ) on the ‘ha’. As it carries a , it would probably be read this way anyway .

 {فَأَلْقِهْ إِلَيْهِم

4. Surah Ash-Shura (26:36) Hafs reads it with a sukoon ( ) on the ‘ha’. As it carries a , it would probably be read this way anyway .

 {قَالُوا أَرْجِهْ وَأَخَاهُ}

 



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