Tajweed Course for beginner Part-10
The Rules of Meem Saakinah احكام الميم الساكنه
AL-IDGHAM AS-SAGHIR ( إدغامَ متماثلٌينَ صغٌير ) The small merging Idgham means:
“to mix” or to put on thing into another. It is the mixing or entering of a saakin letter ( “م “ ) into a Mutaharrik letter ( “م “) following it.
Letters of Idghaam Mutamathelyne Sagheer ( “م )
The way of pronunciation:
If a Meem Saakin is followed by a ( “م ,“) the second Meem is pronounced with Ghunnah with two beats.
When ‘meem sakin (’ ْم ) is followed by another ‘meem( ’ م ) accompanied by a haraka), it is merged into it, so they become as one and pronounced with a shadda (tashdeed) indicating the merging has taken place.
مََ + م ََ= ّ م
مََ + ُ م ََ= ُ م
مََ + م ََ= م
Why is called IDGHAM MUTAMATHILYNE SAGHIR ?
• Idgham because meem sakinah inserted into the meem with a vowel.
• Mutamathilyne or Mithlyne because the letters are same articulation points and characteristics.
• Saghir because the first letter is sakin and the second is voweled (with fathah, kasrah, dammah). Ghunnah accompanying the idgham while the lips closed .
فًى قُلُوبهم مرض
خلقَ لكمَ ما فى َاَلأرض
(الَّذِي أَطْعَمَهُم مِّن جُوعٍ وَآمَنَهُم مِّنْ خَوْفٍ
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