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AL-IDGHAM AS-SAGHIR

AL-IDGHAM AS-SAGHIR

Tajweed Course for beginner Part-10

The Rules of Meem Saakinah     احكام الميم الساكنه

AL-IDGHAM AS-SAGHIRإدغامَ متماثلٌينَ صغٌير ) The small merging

Idgham means:

“to mix” or to put on thing into another. It is the mixing or entering of a saakin letter ( “م “ ) into a Mutaharrik letter ( “م “) following it.

Letters of Idghaam Mutamathelyne Sagheer   ( “م )

The way of pronunciation:

If a Meem Saakin is followed by a ( “م ,“) the second Meem is pronounced with Ghunnah with two beats.

It’s mean:

When ‘meem sakin (’ ْم ) is followed by another ‘meem( ’ م ) accompanied by a haraka), it is merged into it, so they become as one and pronounced with a shadda (tashdeed) indicating the merging has taken place.

Like:

مََ + م ََ= ّ م
مََ + ُ م ََ= ُ م
مََ + م ََ=  م

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Examples:

AL-IDGHAM AS-SAGHIR

Why is called IDGHAM MUTAMATHILYNE SAGHIR ?

• Idgham because meem sakinah inserted into the meem with a vowel.

• Mutamathilyne or Mithlyne because the letters are same articulation points and characteristics.

• Saghir because the first letter is sakin and the second is voweled (with fathah, kasrah, dammah). Ghunnah   accompanying the idgham while the lips closed .

Examples : 

فًى  قُلُوبهم مرض

خلقَ لكمَ ما فى َاَلأرض

(الَّذِي أَطْعَمَهُم مِّن جُوعٍ وَآمَنَهُم مِّنْ خَوْفٍ 

 


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