Tafseer Surah Al-Nas And Benefits

Tafseer Surah Al-Nas And Benefits

Introduction to Surah Al-Nas

Surah Al-Nas is the 114th and final chapter of the Quran. It is a short chapter composed of six verses and is classified as a Meccan Surah, meaning it was revealed in the early years of Prophet Muhammad’s mission in the city of Mecca.

The name “Al-Nas” translates to “The Mankind” or “The People” in English, and the Surah addresses humanity as a whole, emphasizing our dependence on Allah and seeking His protection from the whispers and influence of Shaytan (Satan).

1-An-Nas MANKIND ).
2-Arrange of Surah : (114).
3-Number of Ayats: (6).
4-where revealed: Makkiyah.

Why Was Surah Al-Nas Revealed (Asbab al-n-Nuzul)?

The commentators of the Quran said: “The Messenger of Allah, Allah bless him and give him peace, had a Jewish servant boy.

The Jews approached him and kept after him until he gave them some fallen hair from the Prophet, Allah bless him and give him peace, as well as a few teeth frm hois comb. The Jews used these to cast a spell of black magic on him.

The person who was behind this was the Jew Labid ibn al-A’sam. He then put the hair in a well belonging to Banu Zurayq called Dharwan. The Messenger of Allah, Allah bless him and give him peace, fell ill for a period of six month, during which the hair of his head fell off; he imagined that he slept with his wives when he did not, and was withering away without knowing the reason.

⇒Learn Surah Al Nas With Tajweed Rules

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As he was one day sleeping, he saw two angels coming to him. One of them sat at his head and the other at his feet. The angel who sat at his head asked: ‘What is wrong with the man?’ The second angel responded: ‘A spell of black magic was cast on him’.

The first one asked: ‘And who is responsible for this sorcery?’  The second angel answered: ‘It is Labid ibn alA’sam, the Jew’. The first angel asked again:

‘What did he use to cast black magic on him?’ The second angel said: ‘He used a comb and fallen hair’.Learn Surah Al Nas with Tajweed RulesThe first angel asked: ‘Where is it now?’ The second angel said: ‘It is inside the spadix of a palm tree beneath the stepping stone which is inside the well of Dharwan’, at which point the Messenger of Allah, Allah bless him and give him peace, woke up.

He said: ‘O ‘A’ishah, do you not think that this is from Allah to inform me of the cause of my illness?’ He then sent ‘Ali [ibn Abi Talib], al-Zubayr [ibn al-‘Awwam] and ‘Ammar [ibn Yasir] who drained the water of that well as one would drain the dust of henna.

They lifted the stone and got the spadix out and found therein some of the hair of the Messenger of Allah, Allah bless him and give him peace, as well a few teeth from his comb.

They also found with it a string with eleven knots knitted with needles. Allah, exalted is He, then revealed Surah Al Falaq and Surah Al-Nas (al-Mu’awwidhatayn).The best Quran teachers

Surah Al-Nas English Translation and Transliteration With Arabic

  Say, “I seek refuge in the Lord of mankind.       (قُلْ أَعُوذُ بِرَبِّ النَّاسِ (١

   The King of mankind.                                         (مَلِكِ النَّاسِ (٢

  The God of mankind.                                            (3) إِلَهِ النَّاسِ

From the evil of the sneaky whisperer.                            (4) مِنْ شَرِّ الْوَسْوَاسِ الْخَنَّاسِ

Who whispers into the hearts of people.                                 (5)  الَّذِي يُوَسْوِسُ فِي صُدُورِ النَّاسِ

From among jinn and among people.                     (مِنَ الْجِنَّةِ وَالنَّاسِ ﴿ 6

Tafseer of Surah Al-Nas Meaning in English (Verse by Verse)

(قُلْ أَعُوذُ بِرَبِّ النَّاسِ (١

‘I seek refuge in the Lord of mankind, their Creator and their Possessor: they [mankind] have been
singled out for mention here in order to honor them, and a preface to seeking refuge from the evil of the one who whispers in their hearts.

(مَلِكِ النَّاسِ (٢

The King of mankind.

(3) إِلَهِ النَّاسِ

The God of mankind (both [maliki’l-nas and ilahi’l-nās] are either substitutions or adjectival qualifications or explicative supplements; the repetition of the annexed word [Al-Nas] is meant as an additional explication).

(4) مِنْ شَرِّ الْوَسْوَاسِ الْخَنَّاسِ

from the evil of the slinking whisperer, Satan – he is referred to by the name of the action [waswasa] on account of his repeated engaging in it — who slinks [away] and recoils from the heart whenever God is mentioned.

(5)  الَّذِي يُوَسْوِسُ فِي صُدُورِ النَّاسِ

Who whispers in the breasts of mankind, in their hearts — whenever they neglect to remember God.

(مِنَ الْجِنَّةِ وَالنَّاسِ ﴿ 6

of the jinn and mankind’ (mina’l-jinnati wa’l-nāsi: an explication for the whispering Satan being of the jinn and [also] of the humans, similar to God’s saying, the devils of humans and jinn [Q. 6:112]; or, mina’ljinnati, ‘of the jinn’, is an explication for him [Satan], wa’l-nasi, ‘and [of] mankind’ being a supplement to alwaswās, ‘the whisperer’).The best Quran teachers

What Is The General Meaning of Surah Al-Nas ?

  • Both [explanations] apply to the evil of the mentioned Labid and his daughters; the objection to the first opinion is that humans do not ‘whisper’ in the hearts of [other] humans, but that it is the jinn who whisper in their hearts:
  • I would respond by saying that human beings also ‘whisper’ in a manner appropriate to them, [beginning] externally, whereafter their whispers reach the heart and establish themselves in it in the way in which this [customarily] happens.
  • But God knows best what is correct, and to Him shall be the return and the final destination, and may God bless our master Muhammad and his family and Companions, and grant [them all] much peace, forever and always.

Benefits of Surah Al-Nas

  1. Seeking Protection: Surah Al-Nas begins with a supplication seeking refuge in Allah from the evil of the whisperer (Shaytan), who tries to incite doubts, temptations, and negative thoughts in the hearts of people. Reciting this Surah serves as a means of seeking Allah’s protection from the harm and influence of Shaytan.
  2. Strengthening Faith: By reciting Surah Al-Nas, believers reaffirm their faith in Allah as the Lord and Sustainer of mankind. It reinforces the belief in the existence of spiritual forces and the need to seek divine assistance in overcoming them.
  3. Overcoming Fear and Anxiety: The act of seeking refuge in Allah through Surah Al-Nas can help alleviate fear, anxiety, and distress by placing trust in Allah’s protection and sovereignty. It instills a sense of peace and reassurance in the hearts of believers.
  4. Resisting Temptations and Evil Influences: Surah Al-Nas reminds believers of the constant spiritual struggle between good and evil and the importance of resisting temptations and negative influences.

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