The Sawm Fasting in the month of Sha’ban
1-Sha’ban is between Rajab and Ramadan:
The month of Sha’ban is the eighth of the Hijri months between Rajab and Ramadan, a month that people do not pay much attention to and in which it is desirable to fast a lot.
Usamah bin Zaid said:
“I said: ‘O Messenger of Allah, I do not see you fasting any month as much as Shaban.’ He said: ‘That is a month to which people do not pay much attention, between Rajab and Ramadan. It is a month in which the deeds are taken up to the Lord of the worlds, and I like that my deeds be taken up when I am fasting.” Sunan an-Nasa’
In the month of Sha’ban, the need for sincere repentance and a lot of seeking forgiveness: Allah willing, in this month, deeds are raised to Allah, and the final account is folded for an entire year, but deeds are at their end, and whoever does better at the end will redress his deficiency, Allah willing, and the Qur’an and Sunnah are full of importance ending the deeds with seeking forgiveness, as in the Ifaadah of Arafat(departure during Hajj), and the conclusion of the prayer and the like.
3- Good intention for fasting:
There is no doubt that fasting Shaban and its observance of the Most Merciful is the best thing with which we enter into the month of fasting. Good preparation begins with a good intention from this moment, so if we reach the holy month, Ramadan, all praise is to Allah, and we will transform our intentions into deeds and acts of obedience before the month of the Qur’an begins.
4- Types of raising and showing deeds to Allah:
The month of Shaban is the month of raising the annual deeds to Allah Almighty. The taking up of deeds and showing them to Allah, may He be exalted, daily, weekly, and annually
The first type: The deeds are shown to Allah: twice a day at night and once during the day.
The second type: The deeds are shown to Allah twice a week, on Mondays and Thursdays.
The third type: The deeds are shown to Allah in the month of Sha’ban.
Then the deeds are shown to Allah after death, for every offer has wisdom that our Lord, Glory be to Him, knows.
5- Observing voluntary sawm (Fasting) and reciting the Qur’an in Sha’ban:
Sha’ban is like the introduction to Ramadan and as an exercise in fasting, so what is prescribed in Ramadan of fasting and reciting the Qur’an is prescribed in it. The predecessors were reciting the Qur’an in Sha’ban.
Some people complain about the difficulty of fasting, praying, and completing the Qur’an in Ramadan because they do not fast and do not pray a Qiyam prayer except in Ramadan.
6- Giving sadaqah(voluntary charity):
Sha’ban is an opportunity to help the poor and needy and give sadaqah (voluntary charity). Whoever had to make up days from last Ramadan, must make them up in Sha’ban before another Ramadan begins.
It is not permissible to celebrate on the night of the middle of Sha’ban or to allocate worship to it such as standing, fasting, or other things except for those who fast on Mondays, Thursdays, or the white days. You can still fast after the middle of Sha’ban except for a day or two before Ramadan to separate the obligatory fasting from the supererogatory fasts.